April showers bring May flowers — and young wildlife
The days are getting longer, the temperatures are getting warmer, and flowers are starting to bloom. Spring ushers in many new beginnings — including new life for baby animals.
This time of year, it’s common for us to hear from people who want to “rescue” young animals found in nature. Unfortunately, this “help” often does more harm than good. Just because baby animals are alone does not mean they need help!
In this article, we’ll discuss several baby wildlife species you may encounter, and when you should (or shouldn’t!) intervene.
Wildlife Rehabilitation in Washington
The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife relies on rehabilitators to take in wild animals that need care. While WDFW manages wildlife populations on a broad scale, the Department is not equipped to rehabilitate individual animals and values the services provided by permitted wildlife rehabilitators. Rehabilitators are trained and highly skilled in providing the unique care needed for injured or orphaned wildlife, and care deeply for the animals entrusted to their care.
If you contact a wildlife rehabilitator about a sick, injured, or orphaned animal, be aware that rehabilitators — including veterinarians holding a wildlife rehabilitation permit — are volunteers and are not paid for their services, except by donation. In addition, rehabilitators are:
· Generally not able to provide services to pick up wildlife.
· Not on-call 24 hours a day, and may be operating out of facilities at their private property.
· Limited by state and federal permits as to the number and species of animals they may admit to their facility.
Visit our website to learn more about Washington’s wildlife rehabilitators. Remember to thank the rehabilitators in your region for the important work that they do on behalf of our state’s wildlife!
Baby deer, called fawns, are often found alone by well-meaning individuals concerned that the baby has been abandoned. However, most fawns spend time alone on purpose! A doe will often leave her fawn alone for long periods to feed herself and to rest. Separating herself from her fawn can also keep her from drawing attention to her offspring. She may only return at dawn and dusk to feed and check on her fawn.
While mom is away, fawns will instinctively lie low and wait for their mother to return. Fawns are born without scent, so if they remain still and stay quiet, they do not attract carnivores.
Deer may leave their young in odd places, like on porches or in backyards. A doe may leave her fawn in the same spot for several days until it is strong enough to travel with her.
Chances are, if you find a fawn alone, it is safe and healthy. Please do NOT touch or relocate a fawn. If you encounter someone who has made the mistake of moving a resting fawn, you may be able to return it to its mother with these tips:
1. Rub a towel on grass.
2. Gently wipe the towel on the fawn to remove your scent.
3. Using gloves, return the fawn to where you found it. The mother may come back if you return the fawn within 24–48 hours.
4. Contact a permitted wildlife rehabilitator if the mother does not return.
You should also contact a permitted wildlife rehabilitator if a fawn appears obviously weak, ill, or injured.
If you come across a baby bird on the ground, it’s best not to interfere. If the bird is fully or partially feathered, chances are it doesn’t need your help. Fledglings (partially feathered birds) typically leave the nest and move on the ground and low branches for a few days before they can fly. During this time their parents are nearby and continue to care for them.
Unless injured, a fledgling bird should be left where it is. You can help by keeping cats and dogs away from the bird so that it stays safe while the mother continues to feed it.
If you find a baby bird with sparse or no feathers, it is a nestling that has likely fallen or been pushed from a nearby nest. If you can find it, you can give the bird a helping hand by returning the chick to the nest. It’s best to wear gloves, mostly for your own protection.
Contact a permitted wildlife rehabilitator if you are certain the parents are not caring for the nestling, or if the bird is sick, has drooping wings, is shivering or lethargic, is injured, or has been attacked by a cat, dog, or other animal.
While waiting for or during transport to a wildlife rehabilitator:
· Find a well-ventilated container, and line it with a clean, soft cloth (not terry cloth) or paper towels.
· Gently pick the bird up with gloved hands and place it in the container.
· Keep the baby bird in a warm, quiet, dark place. You can put one end of the container on a heating pad set on the lowest setting.
· Do not give the baby bird any food or water.
· Wash your hands and anything that contacts the bird to prevent the spread of disease and/or parasites to you or your pets.
If you see a rabbit in Washington, it is likely an eastern cottontail. They are prolific breeders that nest in shallow holes on the ground.
If you find a nest of baby rabbits, leave the babies alone. Even if you see no adult rabbits around, it’s unlikely that the babies have been abandoned. Mother cottontails are very secretive about visiting the nest in order to keep carnivores away. She feeds her young — called kits — only twice a day at dawn and dusk. By three weeks old, baby cottontails are on their own, even though they are still very small — approximately 4 ounces, about the size of a tuna can!
Cottontail nests are difficult to detect, even in lawns. Check your yard before you mow. Baby rabbits are sometimes injured or killed by lawnmowers and weed eaters. Try to stay at least 10 feet away from the nest if babies are present and leave the nest area as undisturbed as possible.
If the rabbit has any signs of injury, illness, or lethargy, contact a permitted rehabilitator for instructions. If the young rabbit does not exhibit illness or injury and is fully furred with its eyes open, it has left the nest and can survive on its own. If the baby is small, eyes closed, and appears weak, try to locate the nest and place the rabbit back. If you cannot locate the nest, call a permitted rehabilitator for instructions.